# Coppock Curve Indicator

The Coppock Curve Indicator identifies long-term market trends, which helps traders make informed decisions on when to enter or exit the market, avoiding false signals and improving trading decisions based on overall market conditions

8 minutes

#### Introduction

The Coppock Curve Indicator is a widely used momentum-based technical analysis tool designed to detect the start of a new bear market or bull market by studying long-term stock market trends. Edwin Coppock, a market analyst and economist, created the indicator in the late 1960s to help long-term investors spot the beginning of new bull markets, naming it after himself.

The Coppock Curve Indicator relies on two main components: a weighted moving average (WMA) and the rate of change (ROC). The ROC over a set period, typically 11 or 14 months, is summed and a WMA is applied to the result. The resulting line is plotted on a chart, with buy and sell signals triggered by the indicator’s movements.

A buy signal is generated when the Coppock Curve Indicator crosses above the zero line, indicating a new bull market. Conversely, when the indicator crosses below the zero line, a sell signal is generated, indicating a new bear market. These signals are valuable to traders and investors, who can use them to make informed decisions about when to enter or exit the market.

#### Computing the Coppock Curve Indicator

The Coppock Curve Indicator can be calculated using the formula:

Coppock Curve Indicator = WMA(ROC(n) + ROC(m))

Where:

For the Coppock Curve Indicator, a long-term rate of change period of 11 or 14 months is typically used, along with a short-term rate of change period of 1 month. The weighted moving average is commonly set at 10 periods.

To calculate the Coppock Curve Indicator, follow these steps:

1. Calculate the rate of change (ROC) for the long-term period (n) by subtracting the closing price n months ago from the current closing price, dividing the result by the closing price n months ago, and multiplying the result by 100 to get a percentage.

2. Calculate the rate of change (ROC) for the short-term period (m) using the same formula as above.

3. Add the two ROC values together.

4. Apply a 10-period WMA to the sum of the ROC values.

5. Plot the resulting line on a chart and use it to identify buy and sell signals as explained earlier.

#### Understanding the Coppock Curve Indicator in technical analysis

The Coppock Indicator is a significant technical analysis tool that can help identify the start of new bull markets. It’s based on the idea that long-term market trends are influenced by fundamental economic factors, which are reflected in market prices over time.

A buy signal from the Coppock Indicator suggests that the market has hit a bottom and is beginning a new bull market. This can be helpful for long-term investors looking to enter the market at the start of an upward trend. Conversely, a sell signal indicates that the market has reached its peak and is entering a new bear market. This can be beneficial for investors who want to exit the market or take measures to safeguard their portfolio during a downturn.

It’s worth noting that the Coppock Indicator isn’t a flawless tool and can produce false signals in specific market conditions. Traders should use it in conjunction with other technical indicators and fundamental analysis to make well-informed investment decisions. Nevertheless, when used properly, the Coppock Indicator can be a valuable asset to a trader’s toolbox.

#### Edwin Coppock’s suggestions on how to use the Coppock Curve Indicator

The Coppock Indicator, developed by Edwin Coppock, is a long-term trend-following tool that is most effective in identifying the start of new bull markets. However, Coppock advised caution and recommended using the indicator in combination with other technical and fundamental analysis tools for making informed investment decisions.

Coppock recognized that the market is complex and unpredictable and that the indicator should not be relied upon as the sole basis for investment decisions. He suggested using the indicator to identify the long-term trend of the market and to use it along with other tools to make informed decisions based on market conditions, individual investment goals, and risk tolerance.

#### How to use the Coppock Curve Indicator in trading?

The Coppock Curve Indicator is a powerful tool that can help traders identify the long-term trend of the market. Here are some practical tips for using the indicator effectively:

Identify trends

Use the Coppock Curve Indicator to identify the long-term trend of the market. Look for buy signals when the indicator crosses above the zero line to identify the beginning of new bull markets.

Use other analytical tools

Use the Coppock Curve Indicator in conjunction with other technical and fundamental analysis tools to confirm buy or sell signals. This can help reduce false signals and improve the accuracy of the indicator.

Use the Coppock Curve Indicator as part of a comprehensive trading strategy that takes into account other factors such as market volatility, sector performance, and individual stock analysis.

Understand limitations

The Coppock Curve Indicator is based on past price data and cannot predict future market trends with complete accuracy. To enhance the accuracy of your decision-making process, we recommend utilizing this tool in tandem with other relevant indicators and analysis tools. This approach will enable you to obtain comprehensive insights and make informed decisions that yield optimal outcomes. It’s essential to consider multiple factors and avoid relying solely on one tool to ensure the highest level of accuracy and precision in your decision-making process.

Customize settings

Experiment with different time frames and weighting factors to find settings that work best for your trading strategy.

Be patient

The Coppock Curve Indicator is designed to identify long-term trends and is not intended for short-term trading. Avoid making impulsive trades based solely on the indicator’s movements.

Manage risk

Always manage risk when trading. To safeguard your invested capital, it’s recommended to implement risk management techniques such as stop-loss orders. These measures can help reduce potential losses and enhance the overall performance of your investment portfolio.

Overall, using the Coppock Curve Indicator effectively requires a comprehensive trading strategy that takes into account other factors such as market trends, sector performance, and individual stock analysis. By using the indicator in this way, traders can gain a better understanding of long-term market trends and make more informed investment decisions.

#### Advantages & Limitations of the Coppock Curve Indicator

Here are some advantages and limitations of using the Coppock Indicator in trading:

• Identifying Long-term Trends: The Coppock Indicator is a powerful tool for identifying long-term market trends, allowing traders and investors to make informed decisions about market entry and exit.
• Easy to Use: The Coppock Indicator is a straightforward indicator that can be easily calculated using common technical analysis software, making it accessible to traders and investors with varying levels of experience.
• Works Well with Other Indicators: The Coppock Indicator can be used with other technical analysis indicators to confirm buy or sell signals, which can help traders reduce false signals and improve the accuracy of their trading decisions.

Limitations

• Lagging Indicator: As a lagging indicator, the Coppock Indicator relies on past price data, which can reduce its effectiveness in predicting future market trends and may lead to delayed signals.
• False Signals: Like all technical analysis indicators, the Coppock Indicator may generate false signals in certain market conditions. Traders should use the indicator in conjunction with other tools to confirm buy or sell signals.
• Not Suitable for Short-term Trading: Designed to identify long-term market trends, the Coppock Indicator is not appropriate for short-term trading. Traders who focus on short-term trades may find the indicator less useful in their trading strategies.

The Coppock Curve Indicator is a potent tool for recognizing long-term market trends. It’s simple to calculate and can be used in conjunction with other technical analysis indicators and tools to help traders and investors make informed decisions about entering or leaving the market.

The Coppock Curve Indicator is not infallible, and traders should keep this in mind when using it as part of a trading strategy. It is important to manage risk, as the indicator can generate false or delayed signals. Therefore, traders should incorporate the indicator into a comprehensive trading strategy and use other analytical tools to confirm buy or sell signals.